Sur Chico
Local Migration to Lima has occurred in great waves from Peru's countryside in search of economic opportunity, turning Lima into the 2nd largest city in America, for decades and with the hope of better work and education people from the Andes and Amazon moved into Lima and developed the so-called Pueblos Jovenes - New towns, settled on very different terrains, on hillsides, river banks and wide sandy expanses occupied by different modes: by slow accreditation or by invasions at different periods, some pueblos jovenes are still in the process of formation, others have been developing for 30 years1. People first  built precarious homes with simple materials to then develop entire neighbourhoods where previously there was an empty desert. The migration proliferated during the 1980s as people flew off from internal conflicts developed by terrorism groups on Peru's countryside. Internal migration continues to occur, people organize in groups to try to take possession of empty land by building their homes in it, the most populate boroughs in Lima started as Young Towns.
1The ‘Young Towns’ of Lima : Aspects of Urbanization in Peru, Peter Lloyd.
One of my earliest memories is travelling with my family from Lima, Peru down to 121 kilometer on the South Pan-American road. I recall almost every kilometre of the journey, an empty vast desert splashed from time to time with green valleys and the Pacific Ocean not far from my window. The area is called Sur Chico by local people and this project reflects on the exponential change of what used to be an empty desert. Through the project Sur Chico, I intend to explore the changes that have been altering our collective memory concerning the environment: the empty desert, the green valleys, our traditions and habits, reflecting on the urban condition generated by accelerated economic growth, focusing on Peru. There has been exponential economic growth in Peru during the last decade, resulting in the population migrating from the provinces to the urban centre of Lima. Rural-to-urban migrants who are building their homes and entire neighbourhoods where previously there was only desert











































          



          
          




          



          















 







                                       
        


                
              





















Mark